Situated in southern Poland, near the Warta River, Częstochowa is the spiritual capital of Poland. Its Pauline Monastery on the hill of Jasna Góra is one of the most important places of religious worship in the Christian World with traditions of pilgrimage, which date back to the 14th century.
The most important value of Jasna Góra is the miraculous painting of Our Lady, also known as Black Madonna. Mainly due to this painting, Jasna Góra became Poland's most famous pilgrimage center, attracting continuously pilgrims from all over the world. According to art historians the painting of Our Lady was probably a Byzantine icon from the 6th to 9th centuries and was later repainted in the 15th century.